Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin is rightly credited with being the first human to enter outer space, but he was not the first earthling to enter the vast Milky Way.
A few years before Gagarin’s groundbreaking 1961 orbit, a stray dog named Laika embarked on a suicide mission to space, becoming the first creature in history to orbit the planet.
At the time, the mutt’s successful launch was seen as one of Russian’s biggest victories.
Laika, whose name means barker in English, was picked up from the streets of Moscow a few days before the launch of Sputnik 2. Sputnik, the first artificial satellite propelled to space in history, had been sent into orbit only a month before.
For this mission, the Soviets wanted to use the dog to test the safety of space travel for humans and chose Laika because of her calm character and small size.
For many centuries, man had been dreaming of space travel and exploration of extra-terrestrial lands. The first concrete step in this direction was taken by the Russians when they launched the artificial satellite Sputnik 1 on October 4, 1957. A month later on November 3, 1957 a bigger Sputnik II was sent into the space. It took along, the first living creature, a dog named Laika. Following closely on the heels of the
Russians, the United States launched its first satellite Explorer I, on January 31, 1958 triggering off a race between the two countries in space research.The first man in space was a Soviet cosmonaut,Yuri Gagarin, who orbited the Earth on April 12, 1961 in Vostok I.
#moon #science #space #laika
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