In this episode the writings of Herodotus on the Ancient Egyptians and their world guides into a terrain of controversy as it discusses the impact and influence of Ancient Egypt on Ancient Greece and Greek Mythology. It also discusses interactions between not just Egypt and Greece but also Canaan and Libya. The main subject of this episode is Heracles. Herodotus connected Heracles to the Egyptian god Shu. Also he was associated with Khonsu, another Egyptian god who was in some ways similar to Shu. As Khonsu, Heracles was worshipped at the now sunken city of Heracleion, where a large temple was constructed.
Most often the Egyptians identified Heracles with Heryshaf, transcribed in Greek as Arsaphes or Harsaphes (Ἁρσαφής). He was an ancient ram-god whose cult was centered in Herakleopolis Magna.
AN ACCOUNT OF EGYPT By Herodotus, translated By G. C. Macaulay
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Music: Sands of Mystery: Desert Music (Royalty Free)
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