He was born from a Navarrese noble family and was educated by his uncle, Martín de la Finojosa, abbot of Saint Mary of Huerta and bishop of Sigüenza. He studied Law and Theology in the Universities of Bologna and Paris. When he returned to Navarre he mediated between that kingdom and Castile and he became friend of King Alfonso VIII of Castile, who nominated him as bishop of Osma and later put pressure on the chapter of Toledo to elect him as archbishop of Toledo. His election as archbishop of Toledo was confirmed by Pope Innocent III on 12 February 1209. In addition, Alfonso VIII appointed him as major chancellor of Castile.
He played a key role in the war against the Almohads and at the battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212). He was the moral leader of that war, which was considered in Europe as a crusade in which many European knights took part. He sent afterwards missionaries to Morocco. His archbishopric gained a lot of possessions throughout the Guadalquivir valley, especially around Quesada and received further generous donations from kings and lords.
From overseeing the construction of amazing medieval architecture to playing a pivotal and central role in the historiography of Medieval Iberia, he would become one of the most influential figures in Medieval History.
For more information on Dr. Lincoln and his awesome work check out these links below to his book and other writings!
KING ALFONSO VIII OF CASTILE : GOVERNMENT, FAMILY, AND WAR
Edited by Miguel Gómez, Kyle C. Lincoln and Damian J. Smith
Academia Profile: https://norwich.academia.edu/KyleLincoln
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