What is Structuralism? Levi-Strauss, Barthes and Lacan

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1m Nov 28, 2021

What is Structuralism? In this episode, we are going to break down the Structuralist theory pioneered by Claude Lévi Strauss and explored by the likes of Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Jacques Lacan and Jean Piaget. We will be looking at the meaning of Structuralism and what the main criticisms of it were from Jean Piaget and from the Poststructuralism angle of Jacques Derrida.
The simple answer to what is Structuralism would look at the structural linguistics of Ferdinand de Saussure. His work especially the idea of langue and parole as we explore in this video was a pivotal inspiration for the structural anthropology of Claude Levi Strauss and for structural sociology as seen in the work of Barthes and Foucault and in structuralism psychology as seen in the works of Jacques Lacan. There are influential ways of looking at structuralism in literature as we shall see with the works of Joseph Campbell who while not a structuralist was influenced by Claude Lévi Strauss and whose work is the epitome of Structuralism.

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⌛ Timestamps:
0:00 Intro: What is Structuralism
0:34 Ferdinand de Saussure and Structural Linguistics
2:08 The Structuralists
4:34 Piaget and the Failures of Structuralism as Science
7:22 The Poststructuralism Critique by Derrida
9:06 Summary and Conclusion

#Structuralism #thelivingphilosophy #philosophy #historyofphilosophy #poststructuralism #Lacan #Barthes #Levi-Strauss #Foucault

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