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Sumerian Origins and Ancient DNA

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8m Jan 30, 2021
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In this episode we bring you the origins of the Sumerians with none other than the geneticist Razib Khan.

In this episode Mr. Khan explains passionately that if we could genetically type any ancient People, he would choose the Sumerians. Why? Because these are arguably the first historic nation. The first self-conscious ethnic group which operated by the rules which we define as the fundamentals of literate civilization. Strangely, they are an ethno-linguistic isolate.

He goes on to explain what the term ethno-linguistic isolate means and how it applies to these ancient peoples, who even though they interacted with their neighbors stood apart from their Semitic neighbors like the Akkadians until later they became absorbed entirely through military and cultural conquests but that their legacy stays with us today in various forms including how we tell time.

He goes on to explain what his original model was for the origins of the Sumerians and how it changed over time and why?

What does his current model tell us about the Sumerians and their origins and foundation within ancient Mesopotamia?

Why are we struggling to genetically type populations in modern Iraq and Iran? How has Covid 19 made studying ancient history and peoples harder?

And finally, Mr. Khan hits us with his predictions of what we will learn the next decade when it comes to ancient DNA studies.

Support Mr. Khan and his awesome work below!

Website: https://razib.substack.com/

Razib Khan: https://www.razib.com/bio/wordpress/

Twitter: https://twitter.com/razibkhan

Original Article discussed: https://www.discovermagazine.com/the-sciences/ancient-dna-and-sumerians

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ATTRIBUTION:
BRITISH MUSEUM 🏛️ Looted treasures and the 'Mesopotamia' collection (London)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJiaqbkexH4&t=123s

Louvre Museum - Sumerian Civilization
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V5Mv_e4gJ40

THE LOUVRE: Stunning 🏛️ ancient Mesopotamia exhibits in Paris - Let's go!!
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uy558X2N1rc&t=397s

The Wonders of Ancient Mesopotamia
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zbuzy1BeCuY

The Standard of Ur
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IC-RQKMS7nw

The Standard of Ur 烏爾軍旗 貝殼,青金石,灑青公元前2500,伊拉克 Shell, lapis lazuli, red limestone 2500 BC Iraq
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1bocfIlgrA&t=31s

The Standard of Ur and the Ram in the Thicket
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_URShry4KI

Map of the Akkadian empire by https://www.deviantart.com/zalezsky

About Make History Matter

The focus of this channel is history plain and simple and all of the facts and theories that come with it.


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